Display Rule Assessment
Notes concerning the Display Rule
The original version (as used in
Matsumoto et al., 1998 and 2005) is the file titled Original DRAI.
The original version has since been
revised to include more targets and context. The longer version of this
revised DRAI (Revised DRAI) has 21 items and the shorter version (Abridged
DRAI) has 6 items. The brief version was based on data from 30 countries
using the longer version. For the latter two DRAI versions, we have
counterbalanced the order of the questions in several different ways, so if
you are interested in using either of these two versions, please let me know
and I can send them to you.
Matsumoto, D., Takeuchi, S.,
Andayani, S., Kouznetsova, N., & Krupp, D. (1998). The contribution of
individualism-collectivism to cross-national differences in display rules.
Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 1, 147-165.
Matsumoto, D., Yoo, S. H.,
Hirayama, S., & Petrova, G. (2005). Development and initial validation
of a measure of display rules: The Display Rule Assessment Inventory (DRAI).